Committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL)

Free movement is an essential part of the single market and a fundamental right in the EU.
How can mobility of employment seeking young EU citizens be promoted? Should they be included in the same national employment schemes as job seeking locals? Should they be entitled to the same allowances and social benefits as young citizens of that country? How can mobility measures counteract large scale youth unemployment in Europe without draining the social system of another EU country?

Dear Committee Members,

It is my pleasure to welcome you to the committee on Employment and Social affairs. I will be working alongside Gianluca Vella Valletta (Co-CP) in helping you draft your resolution. The issue we are faced with today is that of free movement; a subject that has found itself at the forefront of the media within recent months. With countries such as Britain considering dramatic action, the handling of this matter will prove imperative to the future of the European Union. We kindly advise you to follow the news and stories which are to unfold in the upcoming weeks. Moreover, please inform yourselves on the situation in your countries prior to the foundation of the EU, and the situation in the first 5 years after your accession to the EU (in the case of non-member states, we request that you are knowledgeable about your current situation).

This is a multidimensional issue, and it is necessary to place equal emphasis on all four sections of the question. The resources below will seek to guide you through your preparation, and provide the basis of knowledge that will be needed in order to approach this challenge. In addition, delegates are asked to consider the perspective of their own country, in order to provide a range of opinions and a productive debate.

With the aim of creating a resolution that is both reasonable and ambitious, the need for teamwork and the sharing of ideas will be fundamental to our success. If you have any committee related questions, please feel free to contact either of us. We look forward to working with you in Copenhagen.

Kind regards,

Cara Nicholson (CP) & Gianluca Vella Valletta (Co-CP)

Articles:

Please use the collection of resources below in order to gain a better understanding of this question. During your other research, please pay particular attention to whether a source is outdated or biased.

  • ‘Deciding to move: Migration Projects in an Integrating Europe.’

A general overview of intra-EU migration, including motivations & patterns.

These easily accessible infographics show employment as a key reason for movement.

http://www.aip.pt/irj/go/km/docs/aip/documentos/estudos%20publicacoes/centro%20documentacao/Capital%20Humano/I.Livre_Circulacao_Trabalhadores/A3.Projecto_Pioneur/Migration_Projects.pdf

  • ‘Labour Mobility in Europe: An untapped resource?’

This article provides a broader explanation of labour mobility, and the areas in which it may be improved.  https://www.ceps.eu/system/files/Labour%20Mobility%20PB%20joint%20Bertelsmann%20FINAL%20mb.pdf

  • ‘Labour mobility in the EU: Dynamics, Patterns and Policies.’

Provides an analysis of the pressures faced by the labour markets and the welfare effects of labour mobility.

https://www.ceps.eu/system/files/IEForum32014.pdf

Websites:

  • ‘Free movement- EU nationals.’

Briefly outlines the topic

http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=457

  • ‘Free movement of persons.’

Briefly outlining the evolution of this concept, with regards to its practical implementation.

Use this to try to understand the extent to which free movement is a cornerstone of the EU’s laws. 

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/atyourservice/en/displayFtu.html?ftuId=FTU_2.1.3.html

  • ‘Labour mobility in the EU.’

A fairly balanced take on the various surrounding issues.

May not be completely recent, yet the issues still stand and it provides an overview to the question at hand.

http://www.eubusiness.com/topics/employment/labour-mobility

  • ‘Migrant and migration population statistics’

Understanding intra-eu movement as part of labour mobility.

An up to date report on migrant number statistics, with charts analyzing the flow on migrants within the European Union.

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Migration_and_migrant_population_statistics 

  • ‘Youth on the move’

One of the initiatives on education and employment for young people in Europe.

Consider the benefits and drawbacks of these schemes, asking yourself in what way they may be created, improved or adapted.

http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=950&langId=en

  • ‘EU Youth Guarantee: Questions and Answers’

Another scheme aimed at helping young EU citizens into employment.

http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-15-4102_en.htm

  • ‘The youth guarantee country by country.’

This article tracks the implementation of such schemes.

Question whether these schemes are working, and who they should be made available to.

http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=1090&langId=en

Media Coverage:

  • ‘Spain’s brain drain is a Eurozone problem.’

A particular example on the effects of the brain drain on a country.

Use this case study to consider whether these effects may manifest themselves elsewhere.

https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2015-09-28/spain-s-brain-drain-poses-a-threat-to-the-euro

  • ‘Q&A: What benefits can EU migrants get?’

Although this dates from 2014, this rather direct explanation of policies may prove useful.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-25134521

  • ‘What is the “Freedom of Movement” within the European Union?’

Understanding the concept of free movement, what this means and how the meaning of this has changed.

https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/explainers/what-eu-freedom-movement