Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE)

Migration has left an indelible mark on European history and now has become extremely diverse and complicated. How can the EU establish refugee and asylum policies which address the diverse and conflicting attitudes in the member states? How should the issue of border control be handled?

Dear delegates,

First of all, lots of congratulations on your choice to be a part of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs! Our committee is concerned with tackling the issue of establishing refugee and asylum policies considering the diverse, sometimes antagonistic opinions of the EU member states and, moreover, finding a way to handle the matter of border controlling.

Having the great opportunity to challenge yourselves in such an honorable  job, you should be aware of the responsibilities that come with the role of being a delegate in this international MEP session in Copenhagen.

In order  to be as strongly  prepared as you can, eager to participate in fruitful debates cleverly defending  your points of view, we prepared a list of sources to get you accustomed with the topic, bearing in mind to decide on your own country’s  point of view. Apart from this, we further recommend you to do a little more research on your own.

Finally, do not forget that everyone’s opinions matter equally and do not be afraid to speak up whenever you have a different point of view. Although you will sometimes disagree with some of the points in your resolution, keep in mind that it is a team effort and you need to submit to the majority rule.

In addition to this, feel free to contact us anytime you want and, apart from all this work, we will do our best to make it a memorable and fun experience!

Best regards,

Your CPs Daria (Ro) and Clara (Dk)

Romania (F) – Daria Cheran
Denmark (F) – Clara Grønborg Juul

 Research tips :

Note the difference between a migrant and a refugee. This nonprofit organization is aimed to create migration policies and practices that protect refugees and enable legal movement for work, family, and study without violating human rights.

  • EU migratory challenge

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/BRIE/2015/568312/EPRS_BRI(2015)568312_EN.pdf

Various legitimate proposals advanced by the European Union in the forming of a solution to this issue of migrant crisis.

An European Commission press release on the new improvements they aim to achieve regarding refugee and asylum policies.

  • The EU’s humanitarian and civil protection response

http://ec.europa.eu/echo/refugee-crisis_en

The European Commission has taken a comprehensive approach to tackle the refugee crisis in Europe with its European Agenda for Migration, drawing on the various tools and instruments available at the EU level and in the Member States.

  • Refugee protection and EU’s next steps on asylum

http://www.migrationpolicy.org/sites/default/files/publications/Asylum-Brief-Strategic-Guidelines-FINALWEB_0.pdf

This policy briefly identifies the main issues that should be included in the strategic guidelines on asylum, and emphasis the need for a strong basis for future action.

  • The European Agenda on Migration

http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/european-agenda-migration/background-information/docs/communication_on_the_european_agenda_on_migration_en.pdf

Focus on the four pillars proposed to manage the issue of migration better.

  • Asylum Statistics

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Asylum_statistics

Statistics in question examine the development of the EU asylum seekers. Please note asylum is given on the grounds of temporary residence due to incapacity of the home country of the asylum seeker to ensure safety from prosecution.

An in depth analysis of the development of conflict in Syria and the consequences in respectively the EU and Syria.

A database gathering all relevant information on asylum seekers. Please note the definition of a asylum seeker as stated earlier.

A collection of the actions, intentions and available informations of the European Council for refugees.

  • Refugee Quota System

https://www.ceps.eu/content/adopt-refugee-quotas-or-not-question

An elaborate explanation of the EU quota system.

  • Is the Quota System unfair ?

http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/europpblog/2015/10/01/why-the-refugee-quota-system-is-unfair-on-poorer-eastern-and-southern-eu-states/

An advancement against the quota system. Please ensure full understanding of said system.

  • Refugee Integration

http://www.unhcr.org/protection/operations/52403d389/new-beginning-refugee-integration-europe.html

The accomplishments, intentions and desires of the United Nations Human Rights Council with additional proposals on bettering integration for refugees in the EU.

  • EU&Turkey response to the refugee crisis

http://ec.europa.eu/news/2016/03/20160319_en.htm

An elaborate analysis on the deal struck between the EU and Turkey. All new irregular migrants crossing from Turkey into Greek islands will be returned to Turkey; and for every Syrian returned to Turkey from Greek islands, another Syrian will be resettled from Turkey to the EU.

  • EURODAC System

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=URISERV:l33081

An explanation of the EURODAC system. The objective of this regulation is to establish a system for comparing fingerprints of asylum seekers and some categories of illegal immigrants. It will facilitate the application of the Dublin II Regulation, which makes it possible to determine the European Union (EU) country responsible for examining an asylum application.

  • FRONTEX

http://frontex.europa.eu/

FRONTEX is an agency aimed to reinforce and streamline cooperation between national border authorities.

  • Temporary Reintroduction of Border Control

http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/schengen/reintroduction-border-control/index_en.htm

Explores the recent introductions of border controls.

  • Smart Borders

http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/smart-borders/index_en.htm

New project proposed to improve the management of the external borders of Schengen Member States.

Media sources :

  • Migrant crisis: Migration to Europe explained in seven charts

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-34131911

  • Schengen : Controversial EU free movement deal explained

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-13194723

A thorough and extremely effective introduction to the free movement agreement  ‘Schengen’ between member states of the EU.

  • EU border controls: Schengen scheme on the brink after Amsterdam talks

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jan/25/refugee-crisis-schengen-area-scheme-brink-amsterdam-talks

The threats proposed at the Schengen Agreement post Amsterdam talks as a result of the increasing crisis.

  • Is the Schengen dream of Europe without borders becoming a thing of the past?

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jan/05/is-the-schengen-dream-of-europe-without-borders-becoming-a-thing-of-the-past

A discussion of the future of Schengen and the likely prospects of an EU with boarders.

  • http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21690028-european-problem-demands-common-coherent-eu-policy-let-refugees-regulate

This article discusses the necessity of declination of refugees applicants and the control of the boarder.

  • How should EU manage its borders amid the migrant crisis?

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/eu-manage-borders-amid-migrant-crisis/

Talks between Jeffrey Brown,  the Ambassador of Hungary, Reka Szemerkenyi and the CEO of the International Rescue Committee, David Miliband  on how the EU ought to respond to the crisis.