Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Security (ENVI)

Antibiotics are an effective treatment of infections, however, their widespread use and misuse in medication and farming have contributed to increasing antibiotic resistance. This has resulted in a serious health and food safety threat. What can the EU do to deal with these problems?

Dear delegates,

The question of our committee is what the EU can do to reduce the use of antibiotics in farming and medicine. Overuse and misuse of antibiotics can be a serious threat to our health as bacteria develop resistance to the antibiotics, which may cause bacteria infected food. This topic is highly relevant, as antibiotics are some of the most important medicine. There are serious costs connected to this issue. Firstly the cost of treating people with antibiotic resistant infections is fare more expensive than treating them with antibiotics. Secondly, farmers risk major expenses from dead or sick animals if they don’t get antibiotics. It is important to remember that antibiotics are not necessarily bad. Treating sick humans or animals with antibiotics is perfectly fine, the issue occurs when farmers and doctors prescribe antibiotics when not needed. As mentioned in the links above measures to reduce the use of antibiotics have already been taken. However, it is the EU’s job so guarantee its citizens safety and therefor we have to find a way to ensure that antibiotic resistance is not fully advanced, but also that farmers do not end up paying the price and that our food is filled with bacteria.

The links below should provide you with a helpful overlook of the issue, as well as useful information. We do, however, still encourage you to find more information, taking into consideration your own country and opinion, as well as solutions and any news that may occur on the issue.

We can’t wait to meet you and to get started on the committee work J

Best regards

Committee President Lea Krusell and Co Committee President Zsombor Donko 

Links

The issue of antibiotic resistance.

http://emerald.tufts.edu/med/apua/about_issue/antibiotic_res.shtml

Video from EFSA (European Food Safety Agency) plus an overview of prior and ongoing work. There are a lot of good articles and studies on this page. Especially in the folders (right below the video) Milestone, EU’s Framework and Completed work. Here you will find a portion of articles and finished legislation.

https://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/topics/topic/amr

Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) (Remember to distinguish between Antimicrobial Resistance and antibiotic resistance.  Antimicrobial resistance is a broader term, encompassing resistance to drugs to treat infections caused by other microbes as well, such as parasites (e.g. malaria), viruses (e.g. HIV). We are focusing on antibiotics, so please focus on the parts about that.

http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_food-safety/amr/index_en.htm

Article about the risks associated with antibiotic overuse and initiatives to reduce the problem. (Includes specific suggestions for solutions)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4232501/#bibr5-2042098614554919

The extent of the misuse of antibiotics.

http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_food-safety/amr/index_en.htm

Why are antibiotics necessary? (American organization, so do not read to much in to the legislative part, you may however be inspired)

http://www.ahi.org/issues-advocacy/animal-antibiotics/